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婴儿期避免食物过敏原可能增加食物过敏的可能性

 食物过敏问题日益凸显(1)。当前,多达10%的人口受食物过敏困扰。(2) 有证据表明,近几十年来食物过敏人数呈上升趋势。(1,2) 让儿童完全避免哪怕十分常见的食物过敏原,如在0-1岁时避免食用花生、鸡蛋或芝麻,此类建议也可能导致过敏人数的增加。(3-6)

 最新研究表明,早期且规律地通过饮食接触某种食物,特别是与过敏有关的食物,可能有助于降低儿童未来对该食物过敏的风险。这与婴幼儿的免疫系统如何识别和应对食物有关。婴儿70%的免疫细胞存在于消化道粘膜。(7)

 我们的品牌匙倍乐SpoonfulOne,让父母在喂养宝宝时,可以早期引入易致敏的多种食物,帮助训练宝宝的免疫系统接受这些食物为正常食物,不再识别它们为过敏原,从而帮助宝宝享受丰富多样的饮食。


 参考文献

  1. Prescott S, et al. A global survey of changing patterns in food allergy burden in children. World Allergy Organ J 2013
  2. Sicherer SH et al. Food Allergy: A review and update on epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, prevention, and management. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2018
  3. Allen C, et al. Food allergy: Is strict avoidance the only answer? Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2009
  4. Du Toit G, et al; LEAP Study Team. Randomized Trial of Peanut Consumption in Infants at Risk of Peanut Allergy. N Engl J Med. 2015
  5. Perkin MR, et al; EAT Study Team. Randomized Trial of Introduction of Allergenic Foods in Breast-Fed Infants. N Engl J Med. 2016
  6. Roduit C, et al; PASTURE study group. Increased food diversity in the first year of life is inversely associated with allergic diseases. J Allergy Clin Immunol.
  7. Vighi G, et al. Allergy and the gastrointestinal system. Clin Exp Immunol. 2008
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